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How to choose the correct size of the aquarium

Posted by ganbox 03/04/2018 0 Comment(s)

The size of the aquarium is of utmost importance in determining the time required for care, types of fish, arrangements and equipment that we will need. Contrary to the common understanding, in fact, the larger the aquarium, the easier it is to maintain and the need for intensive maintenance to be less frequent.

 

Let's start with what the nitrogen cycle means. In nature there is a continuous exchange of water and substances, which ensures good development of benefitial bacteria and biological balance in the eco-system. Briefly, fish eat, respectively, generate waste. These waste, in turn, produce large amounts of ammonia. It is extremely poisonous to fish and can lead to a decrease in immunity, and in severe cases to ammonia poisoning and death. Here is where the above-mentioned bacteria come. They are basically two types. The first converts ammonia into nitrites and the second nitrite into less dangerous nitrates. In nature, nitrates are absorbed by plants, and in the aquarium we regulate their level by regularly changing some of the water.

The aquarium is a closed system. Accordingly, we must provide equipment and methodology with which to re-create the appropriate conditions for life. In small aquariums, the nitrogen cycle could be started faster than those with a larger volume of water. This is because larger aquariums require more bacteria. This, however, is the opposite of maintaining the balance. In the small aquarium, more frequent water changes are needed, b.c. dangerous concentrations of harmful substances are reached much faster.

The frequency of water change depends entirely on the volume of the aquarium, filtration and load the tank. The larger aquarium is easier to maintain low levels of harmful substances.

Filtration of the aquarium can be mechanical and biological. Mechanical belong to all kinds of sponges and pads, they removed larger waste. Biological are all types of media (eg zeolite, matrix, biobolites, etc.) that serve as the home of beneficial bacteria. In tanks with a volume of up to 100 liters are most commonly used internal filters, and for aquariums with a volume above 100 liters - external filters.

If you want an aquarium with natural plants then you should keep in mind that an aquarium height of more than 50 cm is not recommended. In such a case, you will also need to provide a much more powerful lamp to provide the necessary light. For aquariums with lots of vegetation, the ideal volume is between 50-150 l and 30-45 cm hight.

Another important thing when choosing an aquarium is what fish you want to grow. You must first explore what volume and conditions are needed for the fish. Also how big they will become when they grow up. Many people hurry up and take a small aquarium with a volume of about 4-8 liters, buy a few goldfish, and up to a few months, the fish have overgrown the aquarium, and given the heavy workload, meanwhile, very frequent water changes were needed.

 

Here is a simplified table of basic requirements and features for the most commonly bought fish.

General name of the fish

Size

Lifespan

Size of the aquarium

Themperature

Water

Additional

Neon

3,5 cm

~ 5 years

Length: 50cm +

20-28

pH 6-6.5

These fish like to hide, provide them enough vegetation or decorations for shelter. It is recommended to buy a minimum of 6 pieces in order to form a school

Guppy

1,5-3,5 cm males

3-6 cm females

~ 2 years

-

 

22,5-27

Can live in both fresh water and in brackish

 

Ramirez

7cm

2-3 years

Vol: 40l +
Length: 60cm +

24-30

pH 5-6.5

 

Different types of tetras

5-7,5cm

3-5 years

Vol: 65l +

24-27

pH  6,5-7

It is recommended to buy a minimum of 6 pieces in order to form a school

Betta

6-7cm

2-3 years

-

24-27

6,0-8,0

It is not recomended to have more then 1 betta inCan be combined with other small non-aggressive fish (eg. Ancistrus, neon, some tetras).

Angelfish

15cm

10 years

Vol: 100l +

26-30

6-7

 

Discus fish

20-25cm

20-30 years

Обем: 200л +

28-32

6-6,5

They have special requirements for parameters and water quality. Extremely skittish and shy fish.

Heller

10cm males

12cm females

3-5 years

Vol: 100l +

Length: 100cm +

21-28

7,5-8,5

 

Koliza

7-5-8,8cm

4-5 years

Vol: 20l  +

22-27

6,5-7

 

Trigonostigma heteromorpha

10cm

3-4 years

Vol: ~ 5l per fish

Length: 100cm +

25-28

6-6,5

It is recommended to buy a minimum of 10pieces in order to form a school

Platies

3,5cm males

6cm females

2-3 years

Vol: 40l +

Length: 50cm +

24-28

7-8

 

Gold fish

21-25cm

above 10 years

Vol: 30-40l per fish

15-22

6,5-7,5

Are not apropriate for planted tanks.

Zebra danio

4-6cm

2-3 years

Lenght: 80cm+

18-25

6,5-7,5

It is recommended to buy a minimum of 5-6 pieces in order to form a school

 

Last but not least consider the position of the aquarium. The location of the aquarium should not be near a window, because direct sunlight causes the development of algae. It should also be far from any sound systems, b.c. vibrations can stress the fish and even lead to rupture of the aquarium.

 

The rack or cabinet, on which will be placed aquarium must be absolutely flat and smooth. No bumps such as screws, cracks and edges are allowed. The aquarium should not exit from the surface. The rack should be absolutely stable and strong enough to withstand the weight of the tank. You can easily determine the weight by multiplying the aquarium liters by 1.3.

Example: 50l aquarium and equipment would weight around 65kg.

For aquariums with a length of over 70-100 cm, it is imperative that the base be provided with support beams under the center of the aquarium, because it is possible over time the plane to sag and bottom of the aquarium to burst.

Here are a few examples that may help you in choosing the aquarium. This is a small table of different aquarium models, their approximate volume, the equipment that is included with them and what kind of fish would be appropriate.

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Vol

Model

Equipment

Suitable for

Price range

2-25л

Аквариум HAILEA E-02

 

-

-freshwater aquarium

-betta

19.90-192.00lv

 

Колба HAILEA V-01

Lighting

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

Аквариум  rs230EL

Lighting

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

Аквариум RS320EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

Аквариум Hailea FC200

Lighting

Bottom filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

Аквариум Hailea Q-10

Lighting

Filter

Heater

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

-shrimp

-planted aquarium

Аквариум Hailea Q15

Lighting

Filter

Heater

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

-shrimp

-planted aquarium

Аквариум Hailea Q25

Lighting

Filter

Heater

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

-shrimp

-planted aquarium

Аквариум AquaEL LEDDY 40

Lighting

Filter

Heater

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

-shrimp

-planted aquarium

Aквариум AquaEL Classic 40 / Classic 40 OVAL

Lighting

Filter

Heater

-Freshwater aquarium

-betta fish

-guppies

-coliza

-shrimp

-planted aquarium

AquaEL аквариум LUNA Black LT

Lighting

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-Small reptiles

26-50л

Аквариум RS-380B

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

84.00-580.00лв

Аквариум Hailea F30

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

Аквариум RS-420B

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

Аквариум Hailea B30

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

Аквариум RS-380EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

Аквариум RS-500B

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Аквариум Hailea F-45

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Аквариум Hailea Q-40

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Aквариум AquaEL PEARL HIGH 40 /
Aквариум AquaEL PEARL HIGH 40 Oval

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

Аквариум Hailea E-30

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Аквариум Hailea E-40

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Aквариум AquaEL Classic 50 /
Aквариум AquaEL Classic 50 OVAL

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

Аквариум колба AquaEL 37см/
Аквариум колба AquaEL 45см

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-1 gold fish (in 45cm)

Аквариум AquaEL Classic 60 Овал

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-1 gold fish

Аквариум Eheim Nano Marine set 35л

Lighting

Filter

-Marine aquarium
 

51-80л

Аквариум RS-500EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

129.00-680.00лв

Аквариум RS-600B

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-1 goldfish

Аквариум Hailea B50

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-1 goldfish

Аквариум Hailea F60

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

Аквариум AquaEL LEDDY 60

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум EHEIM Aquastar 54

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум AquaEL Classic 60

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум EHEIM Aquastar 54 LED

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум EHEIM Aqua Bay 58

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Aквариум AquaEL PEARL HIGH 60 OVAL

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум AquaEL HEXA SET 60

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Aквариум EHEIM AquaStar 63 Marine LED

Lighting

Skimmer

Filter

Air pump

Wavemaker

marine aquarium

81-100л

Аквариум RS-600EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

 

159.00-360.00 лв

Аквариум EHEIM Aquapro 84

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум EHEIM Aquastar 96

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Aквариум AquaEL PEARL HIGH 60

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

Аквариум EHEIM Aquapro LED 84

Lighting

Heater

Filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

101-150л

Аквариум RS-700EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

-Freshwater aquarium

-guppies (livebearers)

-coliza

-neons ( var. tetra fish)

-bottom dwellers

-betta

-dwarf cichlids

-zebra danio

-goldfish

-angelfish

199.00-1 600.00 лв

Аквариум RS-800EL

Lighting

Heater

Top filter

freshwater aquarium

Here you can find all the aquariums that we offer.

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