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Aquarium cleaning

Posted by vesi 30/04/2018 0 Comment(s)

If the aquarium is successfully started, the maintenance does not require much time and effort.

Mainly the maintenance of the aquarium consists of siphoning the bottom, exchanging part of the water and cleaning the inside of the glasses from any deposits.

 

Why do we need to change the aquarium water ?

 

Over time, organic waste and harmful substances accumulate in the water. They in can disrupt the balance in the aquarium. By changing the water we drastically reduce their concentration and thus restore the chemical parameter balance of the water.

The change can also take place during the siphoning of the bottom of the aquarium. So, at the same time as the water is changed, we also remove the debris accumulated at the bottom.

 

How often should we change the water?

 

  The frequency of cleaning of the aquarium depends on several major factors:

 

  • The size of the aquarium

The larger an aquarium, the rarer the need for hardcore maintenance. This can be explained due to the increased volume of water and number of beneficial bacteria. Large volumes provide prerequisites for easy and fast decomposition of a larger volume of waste.

 

  • Filtration system

Aquariums with internal filters have the need for more frequent water changes due to limited filtration capacity. External filters have a higher capacity for filtration materials and bigger water flow (this helps for better water circulation). The big capacity allow the use of multiple filter media types, such as large pore sponges (for waste disposal), ceramic rings and inert materials (providing an excellent environment for the development of useful bacteria) and, last but not least, the use of specialized materials with specific functions( for the removal of phosphates from water, activated charcoal and the like)

 

  • The population of the aquarium

If your tank is overpopulated, regardless of volume and filtration, you will most likely need more frequent water changes and cleanings. The larger the number of fish, the larger amount of bio-waste.

 

  • The aquarium's illumination

In aquariums with too strong light or exposed to constant sunlight, it is perfectly normal to have algae that accumulate on the bottom, decorations and the inside of the glass.

 

On weekly water change it is good to change 15-20%. However, you should not change over 50% or do it too often, as this will destroy too many useful bacteria and disturb the balance in the aquarium, which in turn will increase the levels of ammonia and nitrite in the water. Frequent shifts are also not recommended as this may cause stress on the aquarium occupants.

 

How to clean the aquarium?

 

For fast, easy and efficient cleaning of the aquarium, we recommend the following steps.

 

  1.  Turn off all the electrical equipment on the aquarium. Under no circumstances should you have a full contacti wth the water when the heater or the internal filter are working
  1. Removing deposits on the glass

This can be done with a soft, non-abrasive sponge, using a glass cleaner or a glass cleaner magnet.

When using a sponge or a magnet for cleaning, be careful not to grip particles from the gravel between the sponge and the glass. This could result in scratching the aquarium glass.

When using a blade cleaner, never place it perpendicular to the glass and do not move it sideways, as this may cause surface damage.

Perform the movements systematically to ensure maximum results and do not over-press the glass.
  1. If you have an internal filter, you can check if the water outlet and the water inlet are accessible. If you notice a severely reduced flow rate, remove the filter (or filler cartrige only) and rinse lightly in a container with dechlorinated or aquarium water. It is not recommended to wash the sponge on the tap as it can destroy completly the collony of beneficial bacterias.
We recommend that you check the rotor of your filter at every filter cleaning. Often a large amount of plaque accumulates on the surface of the blades, which lowers the water flow and can cause a malfunction.
  1. Carefully place the filter back in the aquarium
  1. We recommend that you wait for 2-3 minutes for dirt in the aquarium to settle down on the bottom.
  1. Dip the siphon into the tank and, with light movements, dice the tip of the siphoning cup into the substrate. (this way you will protect the fish from being sucked).
    Start the siphon (some siphons have a manual pump,on others you need to create a vacuum)
With slow and systematic movements, gently lift the siphon to release the sucked pebbles and move to the next place.
Be careful not to suck in any curious fish
  1. After cleaning the bottom, it is time to prepare the new water. Use chemicals to remove chlorine and add bacteria. (always dose only for the volume of new water not for the volume of the whole aquarium)
  1. Ensure that the fresh water temperature is the same as the aquarium temperature. A sudden difference in water temperature will shock the fish.
  1. Gradually add the new water.
  1. Switch on the aquarium equipment.
When the filter starts, it is possible that dirt particles may be blown out with the current, so it is recommended that you put the wool or sponge on the outlet tube to prevent spillage.
  

On the first day after changing water, we recommend that you turn off UV systems to allow the recovery of colonies of beneficial bacteria as fast as possible.

 

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