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If the aquarium is successfully started, the maintenance does not require much time and effort.
Mainly the maintenance of the aquarium consists of siphoning the bottom, exchanging part of the water and cleaning the inside of the glasses from any deposits.
Why do we need to change the aquarium water ?
Over time, organic waste and harmful substances accumulate in the water. They in can disrupt the balance in the aquarium. By changing the water we drastically reduce their concentration and thus restore the chemical parameter balance of the water.
The change can also take place during the siphoning of the bottom of the aquarium. So, at the same time as the water is changed, we also remove the debris accumulated at the bottom.
How often should we change the water?
The frequency of cleaning of the aquarium depends on several major factors:
The larger an aquarium, the rarer the need for hardcore maintenance. This can be explained due to the increased volume of water and number of beneficial bacteria. Large volumes provide prerequisites for easy and fast decomposition of a larger volume of waste.
Aquariums with internal filters have the need for more frequent water changes due to limited filtration capacity. External filters have a higher capacity for filtration materials and bigger water flow (this helps for better water circulation). The big capacity allow the use of multiple filter media types, such as large pore sponges (for waste disposal), ceramic rings and inert materials (providing an excellent environment for the development of useful bacteria) and, last but not least, the use of specialized materials with specific functions( for the removal of phosphates from water, activated charcoal and the like)
If your tank is overpopulated, regardless of volume and filtration, you will most likely need more frequent water changes and cleanings. The larger the number of fish, the larger amount of bio-waste.
In aquariums with too strong light or exposed to constant sunlight, it is perfectly normal to have algae that accumulate on the bottom, decorations and the inside of the glass.
On weekly water change it is good to change 15-20%. However, you should not change over 50% or do it too often, as this will destroy too many useful bacteria and disturb the balance in the aquarium, which in turn will increase the levels of ammonia and nitrite in the water. Frequent shifts are also not recommended as this may cause stress on the aquarium occupants.
How to clean the aquarium?
For fast, easy and efficient cleaning of the aquarium, we recommend the following steps.
This can be done with a soft, non-abrasive sponge, using a glass cleaner or a glass cleaner magnet.
When using a sponge or a magnet for cleaning, be careful not to grip particles from the gravel between the sponge and the glass. This could result in scratching the aquarium glass.
When using a blade cleaner, never place it perpendicular to the glass and do not move it sideways, as this may cause surface damage.Perform the movements systematically to ensure maximum results and do not over-press the glass.
Be careful not to suck in any curious fish
On the first day after changing water, we recommend that you turn off UV systems to allow the recovery of colonies of beneficial bacteria as fast as possible.